Leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) have survived for more than a hundred-million years and now they presences are become endangered and probably facing extinct. Extractive use for eggs, meat and other products is believed to be the major reason for Leatherback turtle population decline. On the other hand, The leatherback turtle population are now threatened by loss of their nesting beaches to coastal development, accidental capture by longline fishing and nets, predation of the eggs by feral animals. The leatherback turtle is commonly found in tropical ocean and frequently lay their eggs in the tropical coastal areas, in this case the Lampuuk and Leupung coastal areas were observed of female Leatherback turtle presences to layying their eggs. This area is a tourist area, where the presence of humans or other predators can affect the nest eggs. Leatherback turtle play important roles to keep ecosystem balanced, to control the jellyfish population, the squids and the tunicates that were known as sea turtle food. In addition, the leatherback turtle were play important roles to keep the sea grass ecosystem.
The Conservation catagorized based on IUCN for leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) is Critically Endangered of Extinction, experiencing a global decline of at least 80% of its populations over the last 10 years.
This project aims to keep the leatherback turtle population by determining the conservation status of the coastal areas with the captivity purpose. In addition, educational training will be held for local residents in regard to sea turtle breeding techniques, which starts from hatching and hatchlings care as soon as the handling tehniques of sea turtle that were caught by fish nets or fishermen hook. In a long term, we will develop the biology research and a long term conservation that involving students and ecology researchers.